Coastal Flooding Adaptation by Housing Adjustment in Coastal Settlements Case Studies : Muara Angke, North Jakarta and Tambak Lorok, Semarang
There is a phenomenon of rising the floor elevation of houses in coastal settlements in Muara Angke, North Jakarta and Tambak Lorok, North Semarang to avoid coastal flooding, which are frequently inundated the settlements there. The coastal flooding hazards existed due to the sea level rise and extreme rainfall as influenced by climate change and exacerbated by land subsidence and poor drainage have become a threat to those areas. Muara Angke and Tambak Lorok as fishermen settlements are located at the coastal area bordering to the Java Sea. To overcome the problem, communities in these settlements have been done adaptation by rising the floor elevation to improve and adjust the housing quality to meet the household’s needs. This effort is called housing adjustment. This research attempts to explore the coastal flooding maps in Muara Angke and Tambak Lorok and housing adjustment which done by communities, especially rising floor elevation of the houses. This research was conducted with quantitative and qualitative research methods. The quantitative method was used to plan the flooding map and analyzed the rising floor of the houses, and the other qualitative was used to describe the house condition. The results of this research are to define the coastal flooding scenarios at those areas in the future and the classification of housing adjustment in coastal settlements to adaptation the coastal flooding.
Dibuat oleh : Juarni Anita & Hamzah Latief
Kata Kunci : adaptation, coastal flood, floor elevation, housing adjustment
Keterangan : Makalah ini disampaikan pada International Conference 21 – 22 October 2013 ITB, Bandung